TitleCRISPulator: a discrete simulation tool for pooled genetic screens.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsNagy T, Kampmann M
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Volume18
Issue1
Pagination347
Date Published2017 Jul 21
ISSN1471-2105
KeywordsAnimals, Area Under Curve, CRISPR-Cas Systems, Flow Cytometry, Gene Library, Genetic Testing, Humans, Internet, Monte Carlo Method, RNA, Guide, ROC Curve, User-Computer Interface
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The rapid adoption of CRISPR technology has enabled biomedical researchers to conduct CRISPR-based genetic screens in a pooled format. The quality of results from such screens is heavily dependent on the selection of optimal screen design parameters, which also affects cost and scalability. However, the cost and effort of implementing pooled screens prohibits experimental testing of a large number of parameters.

RESULTS: We present CRISPulator, a Monte Carlo method-based computational tool that simulates the impact of screen parameters on the robustness of screen results, thereby enabling users to build intuition and insights that will inform their experimental strategy. CRISPulator enables the simulation of screens relying on either CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) or CRISPR nuclease (CRISPRn). Pooled screens based on cell growth/survival, as well as fluorescence-activated cell sorting according to fluorescent reporter phenotypes are supported. CRISPulator is freely available online ( http://crispulator.ucsf.edu ).

CONCLUSIONS: CRISPulator facilitates the design of pooled genetic screens by enabling the exploration of a large space of experimental parameters in silico, rather than through costly experimental trial and error. We illustrate its power by deriving non-obvious rules for optimal screen design.

DOI10.1186/s12859-017-1759-9
Alternate JournalBMC Bioinformatics
PubMed ID28732459
PubMed Central IDPMC5521134
Grant ListDP2 GM119139 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
T32 EB009383 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States